Orbital cellulitis is an infection that occurs behind the orbital septum. This infection usually develops when there are issues with the eyelids or sinuses, which are adjacent to the orbits. Orbital cellulitis is dangerous and life threatening, so immediate treatment is essential. Those who have this infection need antibiotics and may require surgery. Dr, Robert Schwarcz is an experienced oculoplastic surgeon in New York City who can treat the problem.
Information about Orbital Tumors and Infections
Orbital tumors are often congenital, but people can also acquire them later in life. The tumors can be either benign or malignant. In addition, they can also be either painful or painless. Both adults and children can suffer from an orbital tumor. Sometimes, orbital tumors are subtle and grow slowly. Unfortunately, they can also grow rapidly and interrupt a person’s life. For example, patients may experience pressure, eye irritation, swelling, double vision and proptosis.
Why Do Eye Socket Tumors Occur?
Most tumors arise from adjacent structures to the eye socket. If left untreated, the tumor can impair a person’s vision and cause his or her eyes to protrude. The most common orbital tumors that form in children are hemangiomas and dermoid cysts. Adults commonly develop orbital lymphomas, metastatic disease and cavernous hemangiomas. Sometimes, people may have another condition that mimics a tumor. Infections, inflammation and Graves’ disease can all lead to eye problems.
What are the Symptoms?
Those who have an orbital tumor or infection commonly develop exophthalmos, which is protrusion of the eye. Patients commonly experience vision loss, blurred vision or double vision. When the tumor is small, the two main symptoms are headaches and pressure feelings near the eye socket. Small tumors can also cause moderate vision issues.
How do Doctors Detect Orbital Tumors?
Those who are having problems with their eye socket should visit an oculoplastic specialist in New York City. The specialist can take CT or MRI scans of the orbits to detect a problem. If the doctor suspects that a tumor is present, then the patient may need to undergo a biopsy. A biopsy is necessary because it confirms the diagnosis and helps the doctor learn more about the tumor.
Those who have an orbital tumor may require radiation, chemotherapy or surgery. Treatment options vary based on the tumor. For instance, radiation is the main treatment for eye socket lymphoma. Surgical removal is the primary way to treat a cavernous hemangioma. Cosmetic surgeon Dr. Schwarcz discusses all options beforehand so that his patients can make an informed decision.